What do you know about William Shakespeare? Discuss your ideas with a partner.
Activity 1: William Shakespeare: An introduction to his life
Read the biography on Shakespeare below and try to complete the missing information. Then, visit www.bbc.co.uk/timelines/z8k2p39 to find the correct information and complete the short biography.
Shakespeare is England’s most famous playwright and _____________________. His plays are known throughout the world and he introduced up to 300 _____________________ and dozens of _____________________ into the English language.
He was born in _____________________ -_____________________ -_____________________ in the year __________________. He probably went to the local _____________________ school, King Edward VI’s School, where he learnt Greek and _____________________ . He didn’t go to _____________________ .
In 1582, he married _____________________ _____________________ , who was three months _____________________ . In total, they had _____________________ children.
He left Stratford to go and live in _____________________ , working as a playwright and actor. He performed many times for Queen _____________________ _____________________ .
Shakespeare’s group built their own theatre called the _____________________ . By now, Shakespeare was very rich. He bought the _____________________ _____________________ house in Stratford and many other properties as investments. He had a good head for business.
He died in _____________________ , probably of _____________________ . In his will, he left his _____________________ _____________________ bed to his wife. Nobody knows for certain why he did this. He is buried in Stratford.
Activity 2: The plot of Romeo and Juliet
Read the statements about Shakespeare’s classic tragedy Romeo and Juliet. Some are true and others are false. With a partner, predict whether you think they are true or false, then visit en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romeo_and_Juliet to check your answers and correct the false statements.
1. The plot of Romeo and Juliet is based on a French tale.
2. Shakespeare created the supporting characters Mercutio and Paris.
3. The play is believed to have been written between 1581 and 1585.
4. The play is set in Venice, Italy.
5. It begins with a street fight between the Montagues and Capulets.
Activity 3: Boy players
Visit en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boy_player and find out about boy players by reading the ‘Boys in adult companies’ section. Then, answer the questions below.
1. When did it become permissible for women to perform in the theatre?
2. Was there an official law against female actors?
3. Why were pre-pubescent boys used to play female roles?
4. Did boys also play the complex lead female roles?
5. What kinds of roles did actor John Honyman play?
Activity 4: Shakespearean language still used today
a. In pairs, you are going to find out the meaning of the phrases created by Shakespeare. Decide who is Student 1 and who is Student 2. Find out the meaning of the expressions and teach the phrases to your partner.
Student 1: Find the following phrases from Hamlet.